SIDS is also called crib death and as the name implies, means the sudden death of an infant (child less than 1 year old), which is unexplained after thorough investigation.
The cause of SIDS is unknown. Evidence suggests that SIDS may be related to immaturity or abnormalities in the parts of the infant’s brain that controls breathing and sleep arousal as well as environmental factors such as smoking and sleeping environment.
SIDS only applies to babies less than 1-year-old. 90% of affected babies are less than 6 months old. SIDS peaks in babies between 2 to 4 months of age, and usually happens at night during sleep. Babies at risk includes:
The following measures have been recommended by AAP as good sleeping practices to reduce your baby’s risk of SIDS.
• Put your baby to sleep on their back
• Babies should not sleep in their car seats
• Babies should sleep on firm mattresses
• Avoid placing soft objects like stuffed toy animals or pillows in baby’s crib
• Avoid smoking during and after pregnancy
• You may use pacifiers when baby is sleeping
• Avoid overheating the room.