RESEARCH REFERENCE: The Facts

THE FACTS

 

  1. Article: SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Infant Deaths: Updated 2016 Recommendations for a Safe Infant Sleeping Environment

 Back to sleep for every sleep.

“To reduce the risk of SIDS, infants should be placed for sleep in a supine position (wholly on the back) for every sleep by every caregiver until the child reaches 1 year of age.  Side sleeping is not safe and is not advised.”

 

 

Unfortunately, the current AAP recommendations regarding the ineffectiveness of the inclined supine sleeping in reducing reflux, are based on studies done with esophageal pH monitoring test. This test, developed in the 70’s, gained popularity in the mid 90’s and were used then to evaluate reflux, however, the test was subsequently discovered to be significantly flawed in evaluating reflux in infants.

The pH tests are inaccurate because they do not measure or account for nonacidic post feed reflux—the most common type of reflux in infancy. Babies reflux more after feeding, and usually, such reflux are buffered by milk and would not be reflected with pH monitoring.

In fact, the uptodate website specifically states that “these studies rarely are useful in evaluating gastroesophageal reflux (GER) or establishing the diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in infants.”

 

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